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Video, Audio, Phone, and Network Cable Descriptions

 

Introduction

 

Resolution Steps




Video + Audio

    Cable name Used for Image Quality
    HDMI

    High Definition Multimedia Interface

     

    • 100% Digital Video and Audio signal in 1 cable

    • Supports Dolby 5.1 Surround sound

    • Most HDMI cables support 4K

    Best Possible Signal
    Component Video
    w/Composite Audio
    • Five wires standard

    • Video: Red, green and blue bands on white connector for HD Video

    • Audio:  Red and white bands on black connectors for audio

      • Audio cables support stereo and (analog) Surround Sound

      • Dolby Digital 5.1 Surround not supported

      • Does not support 4K

      • A Digital audio connection is needed for Dolby Digital 5.1

    Video:  Excellent

    Audio: Good

    Composite Video + Audio
    • Audio/Phono: two cables

    • Video: one cable

    • Jacks are color-coded

      • Yellow = Video (Not HD)

      • Red = Right Audio

      • White = Left Audio

    Video: Good

    Audio: Good

    3.5mm to Composite +
    phono R/L cable


    A.K.A. "Breakout" Cable
    • Used with some versions of TiVo Minis that only have one output port for all three signals

      • 3.5mm (1/8 inch) jack on one end (yellow)

      • Color-coded jacks on the other end

        • Yellow = Video (Not  HD)

        • Red = Right Audio

        • White = Left Audio

    Video: Good

    Audio: Good

    Coaxial

    RG-6 dual-, tri- or quad-shielded

    • Audio

    • Video

    • Internet (cable modem)
    Functional
     
 

Video Only: separate audio jack needed

    Cable name Used for Image Quality
    DVI / DVI-I / DVI-D

    Digital Visual Interface

    Video: one cable

    • Used for LCD monitors and video cards

    • Does not support 4K

    Excellent
    VGA / DB15 / HD15

    Video Graphics Array
    Video: one cable

    • Used for PC monitors, HDTV, plasma TVs, DVD players

    • Does not support 4K

    Excellent
    Component Video / YPbPr Video: three cables

    • Jacks are color-coded

    • Red, green and blue ends or colored bands

    • Does not support 4K

    Excellent
    3.5mm to Component cable
    A.K.A. "Breakout" Cable
    Video: three to one cable

    • Used with some versions of TiVo Minis that only have one output port for all three color video signals

      • 3.5mm (1/8 inch) green jack on one end

      • Color-coded jacks on the other end

        • Red

        • Green

        • Blue

      • Does not support 4K

    Excellent
    S-Video / Y/C Video / SVHS Video

    Short for Super-Video
    Video: one cable

    • Video signal is split into two pieces, one for color or chrominance, and another for brightness or luminance

    • Splitting the signal produces sharper images

    • Does not work for HD Signal

    Very Good
 

Audio Only

    Cable name(s) Used for Image Quality
    Optical SPDIF

    aka Digital SPDIF, Toslink

    Sony/Philips Digital Interface

    Audio (1 cable)
    • Supports Dolby Digital 5.1 Surround sound
    Best Possible Signal
    SPDIF/ Digital Audio /
    Coaxial SPDIF

    Sony/Philips Digital Interface
    Audio: one cable

    • S/PDIF stands for

    • Supports Dolby 5.1 Surround sound

    Excellent
 

Voice / Data Connections

    Cable name(s) Used for Image Quality/Speed
    Ethernet cables

    a.k.a.

    Category 5 / Cat5

    Category 5E / Cat5E

    Category 6 / Cat6
    (GigEthernet)

    • Can be used for Voice or Data

    • 4 pairs of wires

    • More twists per foot (the more twists, the less interference)

     

    Cat5: Good /100Mbps

    Cat5E: Excellent /1000Mbps

    Cat6: Excellent /1000Mbps

    Category 3 / Cat3
    • Voice or DSL only

    • May have either 2 or 4 pairs of wires

    • Less twists per foot than Cat 5 cable

    Good

    10 Mbps



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